Coronavirus pandemic: Tracking the global outbreak

Coronavirus pandemic: Tracking the global outbreak

People wearing masks sitting on spaced out park benches in Brooklyn, New York

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Coronavirus is continuing its spread across the world, with more than three and a half million confirmed cases in 187 countries. More than 250,000 people have lost their lives.

The United States alone has more than one million confirmed cases – five times as many as any other country.

This series of maps and charts tracks the global outbreak of the virus since it emerged in China in December last year.

How many cases and deaths have there been?

The virus, which causes the respiratory infection Covid-19, was first detected in the city of Wuhan, China, in late 2019.

It is spreading rapidly in many countries and the number of deaths is still climbing.

Confirmed cases around the world


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Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies

Figures last updated

5 May 2020, 09:17 BST

Note: The map and table in this page uses a different source for figures for France from that used by Johns Hopkins University which results in a slightly lower overall total.

The US has by far the largest number of cases, with more than one million confirmed infections, according to figures collated by Johns Hopkins University. With more than 68,000 fatalities, it also has the world’s highest death toll.

France, Italy, Spain and the UK – the worst-hit European countries – have all recorded more than 20,000 deaths.

In China, the official death toll is some 4,600 from about 84,000 confirmed cases. Numbers for deaths jumped on 17 April after what officials called “a statistical review” and critics have questioned whether the country’s official numbers can be trusted.

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This information is regularly updated but may not reflect the latest totals for each country.

Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies

Figures last updated: 5 May 2020, 09:17 BST

Note: The past data for new cases is a three day rolling average. Due to revisions in the number of cases for Spain, a three-day rolling average cannot be calculated for 24-26 April.

The outbreak was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March. This is when an infectious disease is passing easily from person to person in many parts of the world at the same time.

More than three million people are known to have been infected worldwide, but the true figure is thought to be much higher as many of those with milder symptoms have not been tested and counted.

Globally, more than 4.5 billion people – half the world’s population – have been living under social distancing measures, according to the AFP news agency’s estimates.

Those restrictions have had a big impact on the global economy, with the International Monetary Fund saying the world faces the worst recession since the Great Depression of the 1930s.

The UN World Food Programme has also warned that the pandemic could almost double the number of people suffering acute hunger.

Where are coronavirus cases still rising?

While some regions are now starting to see confirmed cases and deaths fall following the introduction of strict lockdown restrictions, others are only now seeing them rise.

Russia saw more than 10,000 new infections in 24 hours on Sunday, the highest daily rise since its outbreak began. Monday’s increase was also above 10,000 cases, taking the total to more than 155,000 confirmed cases.

The number of people dying is also continuing to rise in some countries. The number of deaths in Brazil is much higher, but the death tolls in Russia, Mexico and Peru have been on a similar upward trajectory – although figures for the past few days have been below the peak in each country.

Across Latin America, where many economies are already struggling and millions live on what they can earn day-to-day, there are concerns about the strain coronavirus could put on health care systems.

Ecuador has already seen its health system collapse – thousands have died from the virus and other conditions that could not be treated because of the crisis.

The country’s official death toll is around 1,500, but the government said 6,700 people died in Guayas province in the first two weeks of April – far more than the usual 1,000 deaths there in the same period. For this reason, the virus death toll is thought to be much higher than official figures suggest.

The growing threat in South America and elsewhere comes as other regions are beginning to ease measures brought in to slow the spread of the virus.

Much of Europe, the US, New Zealand and Australia, among others, have started to relax some of their strict lockdown restrictions. Some US states are doing so despite still seeing new confirmed cases and deaths increasing.

New Zealand says it has effectively eliminated the threat posed by the virus after fewer than 1,500 confirmed cases and just 20 deaths. Its authorities had brought in some of the toughest restrictions on travel and activity early in the pandemic.

Australia is also planning to review its lockdown earlier than expected, after health officials said the nation had “pretty convincingly” curbed the spread of the virus.

Europe is beginning to ease lockdown measures

The four worst-hit countries in Europe are Italy, the UK, Spain and France – all of which have recorded at least 20,000 deaths.

However, all four countries appear to have passed through the peak of the virus and the number of reported cases and deaths is falling.

Germany and Belgium have also recorded a relatively high number of deaths and are now seeing those numbers decrease, though as Belgium has a far smaller population than Germany the number of deaths per capita there has been higher.

How countries across Europe are planning to move out of lockdown varies, with the EU saying there is “no one-size-fits-all approach” to lifting containment measures.

Spain has announced a four-phase plan to lift its lockdown and return to a “new normality” by the end of June.

In Italy, some shops and factories have now reopened and bars and cafes are being allowed to offer takeaway services.

In France, non-essential shops and markets are to open again from 11 May, but not bars and restaurants. Schools will also be reopened gradually.

In the UK, lockdown measures are still in full effect. Prime Minister Boris Johnson has promised to reveal a “comprehensive plan” next Sunday for how the country will get moving again.

Other European countries easing restrictions include Austria, Denmark, Switzerland, the Czech Republic and Germany.

The European Commission launched a global effort to fund vaccine research on Monday, as part of a virtual conference for world leaders and philanthropists aimed at raising €7.5bn (£6.6bn; $8.3bn).

The UN says a return to normal life will only be possible with a vaccine – and dozens of research projects to find one are currently under way across the world.

New York remains the epicentre of the US outbreak

With more than one million cases, the US has the highest number of confirmed infections in the world.

The country has also recorded more than 68,000 deaths – and on Monday President Trump warned that the death toll may reach 100,000.

The state of New York has been particularly badly affected, with almost 25,000 deaths in New York City alone.

At one point, more than 90% of the US population was under mandatory lockdown orders, but Georgia, Texas, Maine and other states have now loosened their stay-at-home restrictions and allowed some businesses to reopen.

Official unemployment figures show that more than 30 million Americans have lost their jobs since mid-March.

But public health authorities have warned that increasing human interaction and economic activity could spark a fresh surge of infections just as the number of new cases is beginning to ease off.

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